2nd year English Chapter 2 Questions Answers

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2nd year english chapter 2 question answer

2nd year english chapter 2 question answer


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2nd year english chapter 2 question answer

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12TH Class english chapter 2 question answer 2nd year english chapter 2 question answer Info
Post Title2nd year english chapter 2 question answer
Book CodeEnglish
DegreeIntermediate (12TH Class)
ChapterChapter 2
TopicQuestions And Answers
Also Read2nd year English chapter 1 question answer
Also Read2nd year English chapter 2 synonyms
Recommended2nd year English chapter 2 Urdu Translation pdf

2nd year English Chapter 2 Question Answer

How has the scientific method helped us in our fight against disease?

Today babies are born in hospitals. They do not get diseases. We eat fresh food and drink pure water. We live a clean life. All these things help us in our fight against diseases.


Write a note on the better sanitary conditions available in our cities today and compare them with what they were like a hundred years ago.

Today our city streets are clean and paved. Dirty water flows in sealed pipes. While a hundred years ago, the streets were unpaved and dirty. The garbage was thrown into the streets.


What are the sanitary conditions like in our villages today and how would you improve them?

The sanitary conditions in our villages are not good. Dirty water flows in open drains. The streets are narrow and unpaved.  We should set up a department of sanitation in every village to improve sanitation.


How has the scientific method helped us in the production and preservation of foods?

Science has helped us in the production and preservation of food. Now machines are used in plowing, sowing, and harvesting. To preserve food, we use the methods of freezing, dehydration, pickling, grading, drying, and canning.

we are now generally less fearful than our ancestors. What were our ancestors afraid of?

Our forefathers were afraid of black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13. Now, we know that there is a reason behind everything happening. Therefore, we are less fearful than our forefathers.


How has the scientific method enabled us to get over the old fears?

The scientific method has changed our thinking. We know that there is a reason behind every happening. Therefore, we are not afraid of the old fears.


What part did astrology play in the lives of men and women in the past? Give examples.

Astrology is the knowledge of stars. In the past, it was believed that the stars and their movement influenced the lives of people. Therefore, astrology played a vital role in the lives of people.


Describe some of the superstitions still current in our country. How do they affect the lives of those who believe in them?

Some people do not start their journey on certain days. Some people cut off their journey if a cat crosses their way. It is believed that a guest will come if a crow crows on the wall of a house. Superstitions like these cause undue fear.


In what fields has the scientific method helped us?

The scientific method has helped us in maintaining health, the production, and preservation of foods, the building of our homes, and the improvement in communication and transportation. It has improved our eating habits.


What change has the scientific method brought in us? OR how the scientific method changed our ways of thinking/reasoning/outlook                                                         

It has changed the ways of our living. Rather it has changed people themselves. It has created awareness. It has changed people's attitudes. It can better explain strange and mysterious happenings.


 How are we different from our forefathers in outlook? OR How has the scientific method made us mentally different from our forefathers?

We can better explain strange happenings. We are less fearful than our fathers. We have become more critical in our thinking than our ancestors.


What were the diseases that once started to spread through a community? OR What were the infections and diseases?

They were yellow fever, malaria, typhus, cholera, typhoid fever, and even influenza.


Was life uncertain in the past? OR How uncertain was life in the past?

In the past, life was most uncertain because the man had to face many diseases throughout his life. A person who lived more than thirty years was considered to be lucky.


Why do the children and young people of today not catch diseases?

Today they do not catch diseases because the babies are born in hospitals where there is little chance of getting any disease. Young people are treated for all the diseases successfully.


What is the expected age of a person today? OR How much age has the scientific method added to the average age of a man? OR What change has occurred in the average age of a man due to the scientific method|? OR How long is a man expected to live today?

Today, a person is expected to live more than seventy years. So to say, more than thirty years have been added to the expected length of man's life. It is because the scientific method prevents as well as cures diseases.


What was the sanitary condition in the cities a hundred years ago?

The city streets were narrow, unpaved, and poorly drained. The heaps of garbage and outdoor toilets were common. Sometimes, human waste drains into the wells of drinking water.


What is the sanitary condition of our cities today?

Today the city streets are paved clean and well-drained. There are no heaps of garbage there. Disposal of sewage is a remarkable aspect of cleanliness today.


How was freshwater obtained in the past? OR How was water brought for household use in the past”? OR What was the condition of drinking water in the past? OR Why was water used sparingly / carefully in the past?

Water was brought bucketful for household use. It had to be carried from long distances. Therefore, it was used carefully for bathing and cleaning purposes. Often it carried disease-producing germs.


What is the condition of water supply in cities today? OR How is water supplied to towns and cities today? OR How much water is supplied to towns and cities today?

Today towns and cities have water systems that provide enough water for daily use. The supply is usually sufficient to meet the needs of an increasing population. Water is supplied through pipelines or aqueducts.

What change has occurred in our eating habits? OR What kinds of food do we eat today? OR What have we learned about eating food?

Many changes have taken place in our eating habits. We have learned that it is useful to eat many kinds of food. We have learned how to provide ourselves with many kinds of food throughout the year.


 What kind of food did the

 Do people eat in the past? OR Could people eat a variety of food throughout the year in the past?

People in the past could not eat a variety of food throughout the year. They could eat what they got from their own fields and gardens only in the growing season. People living in cold climates could not get fresh food to eat during winter.


How was food/meat preserved in the past?

In the past women preserved vegetables and fruits by canning. Pickling and drying. They preserved meat by salting, drying, or freezing in cold weather.


What are superstitions?

Superstitions are in fact false fears. Superstitious people believe in signs of good or bad luck. They feel protected by certain conditions or things. A person who believes in charm feels comfortable by wearing it.


What are superstitions? Do they really exist?

Superstitions are in fact false fears. Superstitious people believe in dings of good or bad luck. Their lives are generally influenced by such signs. In this way superstitions still exist. But now such people are few in number. Science has made people open-minded. Now they are willing to look for new truths.


What were the superstitions practiced by people in the past?


In the past, people believed in the signs of good or bad luck. They were afraid of evil spirits, black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.


What change has science brought about in superstitions?

Science has rejected superstitions. It tells us that there are always some natural reasons for every happening. Now people do not fear evil spirits, black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.


What sorts/kinds of superstitions still exist?

Astrology and fortune-telling are still practiced but they do not influence the lives of as many people as they did in the past.


What were the superstitions that were very common in the past?

In the past, people believed in the signs of good or bad luck. They believed that diseases were caused by evil spirits. They were afraid of black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.


How has science made man open-minded?

Science has made people open-minded. It tells us that there is always some natural reason for every happening. Now people have rejected old superstitions. Now they are willing to look for new truths. They have changed their old ideas because of new discoveries. Now they do not accept the conclusions as final.

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2nd-year English chapter 2 question answer
12TH Class English chapter 2 question answer


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